Pacific Northwest Chapter Officers
Marcia Knadle is a long-time member of AWG and the Pacific NW Chapter and has served in every chapter office or capacity except treasurer and web manager. She has organized or co-organized many field trips for both AWG and for the PNW Chapter, most recently to New Zealand, the Western Great Lakes, the Klamath Mountains, Central California, and England. She also serves on the AWG Board of Directors as a delegate for the Pacific Region, where she has focused on making AWG’s interactions with chapters as clear and simple as possible. Marcia holds a Geology BS from the University of Puget Sound and a Geology MS from the University of Montana in Missoula. She has looked for oil in the Gulf of Mexico, done soils engineering on the Alaska Pipeline, and been a hydrologic technician for the USGS in Tacoma. However, most of her career was spent as a hydrogeologist for the US Environmental Protection Agency in Seattle, providing technical support on hazardous waste cleanup projects. She retired 6 years ago, which is why she has time to organize geology field trips and serve on the AWG and AWG-PNW Boards. Otherwise, she spends her time helping manage her childhood home on 40 acres in Maple Valley, WA.
Mindy Brugman works as a Senior Research and Development Meteorologist for Meteorological Services of Canada, Environment and Climate Change Canada in Vancouver, BC. She researches Coastal and Mountain Meteorology to support Prediction Services and Operations and Canadian Meteorological Centre efforts to keep the public safe from weather related natural hazard disasters 24/7. Her current research position focuses on improving snow level forecasts, and in the last few years is a co-developing a new BC based rating system for Canada to assess the worst storm expected, even during dramatic global warming as projected to occur by 2050 to 2100. Previously, she worked as an operational meteorologist BC and the Yukon. Mindy’s PhD was from CalTech in Geological and Planetary Sciences, and she obtained a BS in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Washington. She was a post doc at the ETH in Switzerland and a visiting professor at in Mexico at UNAM in Geophysics and Glaciology. She has been a professor of Hydrology and Physical Geology at Western Washington University in Bellingham and an adjunct professor at University of Saskatchewan and thesis advisor. She was a research scientist in the National Hydrology Research Centre leading programs on Glaciology, Hydrometeorology, and Glacier Mass balance for Western Canada. She was also an assistant with USGS, JIRP, CENTAPRED and VAW-ETH on glaciers and volcanoes in the Pacific Northwest. Mexico and Alaska. Mindy has a happily married son who is a civil engineer in British Columbia. She is a dual Canadian-US Citizen who lives in Revelstoke, BC and at Point Roberts, WA, and her work base office is in Vancouver, BC. She loves hiking, skiing, building cabins, kayaking’ enjoying her pets (a big dog, two cats and more), and also likes to fish and swim. She been an active ski patroller, instructor and coach in the past. Mindy still remains an active Professional Institute of the Public Service (PIPSC) Union Steward and Pacific and Yukon Union-Management consultation co lead, actively supporting efforts for Occupational Health and Safety and mental health in the work place, as well as mentorship of men and women. She recently got certified in Ham radio in Canada. She is still trying to improve her languages fluency in French but also German, Chinook and Spanish, which improves with a glass of nice wine. Mindy is active in mentoring with Science Innovators in the Schools through BC Science World and SCWIST Wonder Women mentoring efforts. She has co-led several AWG field trips from California, Washington, and BC and Alberta. Mindy believes AWG is needed more than ever and wants to keep involved so she can listen, learn and act on ways we can inspire excellence and do even better. Mindy believes success can be measured in happiness, and hopes through supporting a community of happy successful professional women, one at a time, AWG together can help create a better world.
Pat Reed has been an environmental and engineering Geologist for 20 years. She has worked for large firms such as URS, Hart Crowser, and Black and Veatch. She has worked for Wood (formerly AMEC, formerly AMEC-Foster-Wheeler) for ten years as a Senior Geologist. Currently she is working on the project that will widen I-405 from Renton to Bellevue for WSDOT. She still finds time to get out on drilling rigs, but is mostly reviewing field logs and draft logs. Her interests include Puget Sound Geology, rock hunting (of course) and playing at gold panning. Pat and her husband own Nordic Trader, a small business that creates bronze-cast jewelry copied from Viking artifacts. She and her husband usually travel all over the northwest setting up a booth and selling at Nordic Fairs, the New National Nordic Museum, Poulsbo Viking Festival, and medieval events at the Society for Creative Anachronism. Pat has previously served on the AWG-PNW Board in three other capacities – as President, Vice President and, for a total of nearly ten years(!), as Scholarship Committee Chair.
Linda Khandro is something of a mixed salad! She’s a geologist with a Bachelor’s in Geology, and a Master’s in Teaching Earth Science, along with a Washington State Teaching Certificate, and has been teaching college earth and space sciences (geology, astronomy, oceanography, meteorology, environmental science, and astrobiology) in face to face, hybrid, and online classes since 1991. She also teaches earth and space sciences for senior citizens in the Puget Sound region. She became interested in Project ASTRO as an astronomer volunteer, and that interest in Astrobiology brought her to the University of Washington (Seattle) as an Education/Public Outreach specialist from 2000-2006. In 2010 she became a Faculty Designer for Washington State’s Open Course Library (OCL) Project, revising Oceanography 101 and Astronomy 101 for Phases 1 and 2 respectively. Both of these OCL projects are with Shoreline Community College in Seattle, but are also part of every course she teaches in the earth and space sciences, at every college where she teaches. Of several mandates in the OCL, the one with the greatest impact on students is the ongoing effort to provide educational support materials (aka textbooks and related content) at more affordable prices than in the past! Linda has also been a consultant on several educational projects in the US and in Canada, as well as an independent contractor working on various hydrology projects. Her professional service includes having been a part-time faculty union representative in both the US and Canada, newsletter editor for the (erstwhile) AWG Puget Sound Chapter and AWG Editor (Gaea), serving on the AWG Executive Committee. Most relevant to this position, she also served as treasurer for the Northwest Geological Society. The “mixed salad” part? She’s been involved in a variety of creative endeavors over the years: visual arts and photography, poetry, dance, and music.
Scholarship Committee Chair
Shari Silverman is a geoarchaeologist. She examines the landscape to discern archaeological potential and studies how geology and environment affects humans and other life, and vice versa. She aims to do so in areas with stunning vistas. She also does straight-up archaeology. She currently works for the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, but has worked for private, state and federal organizations all over the American West, plus Wisconsin. She holds an M.A. in anthropology and an M.S. in geological engineering, both from the University of Idaho. Her Master’s theses examined canoe distribution in relation to environment and culture in the Plateau Culture Area (inland northwest [M.A.]) and rockfall hazards in Idaho (M.S.). She attended University of Oregon also, where she earned a B.S. in anthropology with a minor in mathematics.
Communications Committee Chair (Newsletter Editor)
Emily Cahoon holds a PhD in Earth, Environment and Society from Portland State University, a MS in Geology from Washington State University, and a BS in Geology from the University of Delaware. Emily has has industry work experience in the fields of environmental consulting and mineral exploration. She’s currently a term assistant professor (teaching remotely) at the University of Alaska, Anchorage, teaching volcanology and petrology courses. Her research explores the timing, emplacement, and petrogenetic evolution of flood basalt lavas by integrating field methods, laboratory instruments, geochemical and thermodynamic modeling. Emily is particularly interested in the duration of basaltic volcanism and significance of giant plagioclase crystals, which have been documented in numerous continental flood basalt provinces. This interest has led to research on ‘sunstones’, which are large plagioclase crystals that contain macroscopic inclusions of native copper. Sunstones vary in color due to the speciation of copper, and are recognized as a gemstone by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). This research aims to characterize the geologic conditions required to form sunstones, and further our understanding of crystal growth and metal enrichment processes during flood basalt magmatism.
Heather Nielsen is a Soil Scientist with Clackamas County. She has been in the public sector for a few years and is enjoying it. Previously, she was in environmental consulting for 13 years. Heather has a BS degree in Geology from University of Puget Sound and a MS in Geology from Portland State University. She is a licensed geologist in Oregon and Washington. Heather was President of AWG-PNW for 3 years before automatically becoming Past President with the election of a new president. In her free time, Heather likes to hike, craft, bake, and spend time with family.
Pacific Region Delegate
Marcia Knadle (see President above)